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Wednesday, November 21, 2012

Adoption Failures: Disruptions Dissolutions #NAAM

What is disruption?

The term disruption is used to describe an adoption process that ends after the child is placed in an adoptive home and before the adoption is legally finalized, resulting in the child’s return to (or entry into) foster care or placement with new adoptive parents.

What is dissolution?

The term dissolution is generally used to describe an adoption in which the legal relationship between the adoptive parents and adoptive child is severed, either voluntarily or involuntarily, after the adoption is legally finalized. This results in the child’s return to (or entry into) foster care or placement with new adoptive parents.

The following are some of the primary factors that have been shown to be associated with higher risk of disruption:

Child Factors

Older age 
Presence of emotional and behavioral issues 
Strong attachment to the birth mother 
Being a victim of preadoptive child sexual abuse 

Adoptive Family Factors

Being a new or matched parent rather than the child’s foster parent
Lack of social support, particularly from relatives
Unrealistic expectations
Adoptive mothers with more education

Agency Factors

Inadequate or insufficient information on the child and his or her history 
Inadequate parental preparation, training, and support
Staff discontinuities (i.e., different workers responsible for preparing the child and family) 
Having more caseworkers involved with the case 
Not having sufficient services provided 
Additionally, a study by Smith et al. (2006) provides indepth, recent data about risk and protective factors for disruptions among children adopted from the Illinois public child welfare system, including:

Child Factors
White children had lower disruption rates than African- American children.

When two or three siblings were placed together, they had a higher risk of disruption; when four or more siblings were placed together, they had a lower risk of disruption.

Children who had experienced sexual or emotional abuse had the highest rates of disruption.

Children with physical disabilities and emotional or behavioral problems had a higher risk for disruption.

Each additional year of age increased the likelihood of disruption by 6 percent.

Children who entered the child welfare system due to lack of supervision or environmental neglect were more likely to experience adoption disruption.

The longer time children spent in out-of-home care, the less likely were their chances for disruption.

If children spent time in a residential or group home while in out-of-home care, they were less likely to experience a later disruption.

Family Factors

Children placed with relatives had a lower risk of disruption.

Agency Factors

Children placed through private agencies were less likely to experience a disruption.

Children who had been placed in residential or group care were at lower risk for disruption.

The chance of disruption decreased for every year of experience held by the case manager for the first adoption.

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Every. Day.
adoptees take back adoption narrative and reject propaganda

To Veronica Brown

Veronica, we adult adoptees are thinking of you today and every day. We will be here when you need us. Your journey in the adopted life has begun, nothing can revoke that now, the damage cannot be undone. Be courageous, you have what no adoptee before you has had; a strong group of adult adoptees who know your story, who are behind you and will always be so.

Three Years already

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Customer Review

Thought-provoking and moving 11 October 2012
Two Worlds - Lost children of the Indian Adoption Projects

If you thought that ethnic cleansing was something for the history books, think again. This work tells the stories of Native American Indian adoptees "The Lost Birds" who continue to suffer the effects of successive US and Canadian government policies on adoption; policies that were in force as recently as the 1970's. Many of the contributors still bear the scars of their separation from their ancestral roots. What becomes apparent to the reader is the reality of a racial memory that lives in the DNA of adoptees and calls to them from the past.
The editors have let the contributors tell their own stories of their childhood and search for their blood relatives, allowing the reader to gain a true impression of their personalities. What becomes apparent is that nothing is straightforward; re-assimilation brings its own cultural and emotional problems. Not all of the stories are harrowing or sad; there are a number of heart-warming successes, and not all placements amongst white families had negative consequences. But with whom should the ultimate decision of adoption reside? Government authorities or the Indian people themselves? Read Two Worlds and decide for yourself.

Read this SERIES

Read this SERIES
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ADOPTION TRUTH

As the single largest unregulated industry in the United States, adoption is viewed as a benevolent action that results in the formation of “forever families.”
The truth is that it is a very lucrative business with a known sales pitch. With profits last estimated at over $1.44 billion dollars a year, mothers who consider adoption for their babies need to be very aware that all of this promotion clouds the facts and only though independent research can they get an accurate account of what life might be like for both them and their child after signing the adoption paperwork.

Our Fault? (no)

Leland at Goldwater Protest

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